Title:Water Pollution in Relation to Agricultural Activity Impact in Egypt Authors: M.S. Gaballah; K. Khalaf; A. Beck ; J. Lopez DOI: Aff: Author Email: Keywords: Irrigation; drainage; water table; salinization; pollution; agriculture practices; survey; Dakahlia; Sohag; Farmers URLs:ABSTRACT-HTML | FULLTEXT-PDF | Abstract:The present study was carried out in two Governorates in Egypt, Dakahlia (North Delta) and Sohag (Upper Egypt) for developing a system of good agricultural practice in Egypt. The study included 400 farmers (200/each governorate) were chosen randomly from different villages to answer questions concerning field work survey. Collected data from field work survey were analysed for interpretating the facts and cause of water pollution in selected sites. It was clear that most of the farmers practice bad habits particularly with water resources and urgently need improvement to change their farming practices. Deduced results proved that there are two critical points in agricultural lands i.e. salinization and water pollution, both were caused due to poor irrigation and drainage management. According to obtained results, it has been proved that surface type of irrigation system covered more than 60% in Sohag, while in Dakahlia surface and flood systems were the dominant. The rate of irrigation was decided according to plant need in Dakahlia, while in Sohag was regularly every two weeks. About 98% of farmers are not aware to the importance of drains. A positive correlation was found between the depth of water table and each of source of irrigation and crop rotation and also between the source of irrigation and drainage discharge in Dakahlia and Sohag.