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Title: Self-concept among the Older People in Malaysia
Authors: Zainab; I.; & Wan Ibrahim; W.a
Aff: Department of Dakwah and Leadership Studies, Faculty of Islamic Studies, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
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Keywords: Self-concept; Self-esteem; Self-identity; Elderly; Senior Citizens
Abstract:Self-concept, which is sometimes referred to as self-esteem, is a difficult concept to measure. There are
various items and domains can be used to measure the concept. This study sought to analyze self-concept among
the elderly residents in old folk’s home, Malaysia. Using a non-probability sampling technique, a total of 203
elderly residents in nine old folk’s home nationwide were selected. Self-concept in this study refers to the score
the elderly obtained as response from ten items asked to them on a five-point scale in which “1” stood for
“strongly disagree” and “5” stood for “strongly agree”. Data of this study demonstrates that the majority of the
elderly have a moderate level of self-concept. It is very important for the authority in old folk’s home to do
something to improve self-concept of these elderly residents.