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Title: A Study of the Relationships Between“the Role of Coping Strategies and Coping Efficiency”and “the Locus of Control” in Experiencing Mammography Pain
Authors: Masume Azizi ; Zahra Bisadi
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Keywords: Pain Assessment; Mammography; Coping Strategies; Locus of Control
Abstract:Background and goals: the present research studied the role of coping strategies and coping efficiency in relation to mammography pain and its relation to control resource. The research scope included 150 females of 47years age (SD=8.86). Material and method: Prior tomammography, theindividuals were given the questionnaire of Rotter's locus of controlalong with a form to sill out some personal information. Immediately after mammography, both frequency and efficiency of strategies they used to cope with mammography pain was ranked by means of "situation questionnaire of coping strategies". They also reported the pain intensity of mammography by the following tools: "numerical rating scale" and "visual analogue scale";the degree of the experienced pain during mammography was measuredby a 6-degree tool called "pain rating scale". Findings: based on the research results, most of the referring individuals had external locus of control (%80) and reported more pain in pain intensity scale (VAS). However, there was not any significant relationship between the type of locus of control andpain scale (NRS) and the subscales of coping strategies.Results of multivariable regression, conducted with an aim to study the relationship between coping strategies and pain intensity of mammography, delineated that while applying the two coping strategies (ignoring and attention-diverting) caused slight pain during mammography, those who used more of "self-talking" and " disaster-making " coping strategies experienced more intense pain during mammography