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Title: The Effect of Different Cultivation and Residue Management on Corn Yield and Water Consumption
Authors: Seyed Mohammadtaghi Ebrahimi; Hamid Reza Miri; Barmak Jafari Haghighi
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Keywords: Sustainable Agriculture; Direct Planting; Minimum Tillage; Residues management.
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Abstract:The purpose of this study was evaluating the growth and compare yield and water consumption of corn under treatments of conventional tillage, reduced tillage and no tillage during the different irrigation intervals. This study was conducted at Arsanjan city, southern Iran in 2009. The experiment was split plot in randomized completely blocks design with three tillage methods (conventional tillage without residues, minimum tillage and conservation residues, and no tillage and reserve residues) as main factor and irrigation intervals (8 days, 11 days and 14 days intervals) as sub factor with four replication. Result of this study showed that 8 days irrigation interval and conventional tillage produced the highest grain yield, biological yield, ear number, seed number and seed weight in comparison with other treatments. But, by increasing irrigation interval to 14 days and decreasing water usage, no tillage and reserve residue treatment could prevent reduction in grain yield. In general results showed that residues management by reserving residue as a surface cover and improves tillage method to minimum and no tillage can increase corn yield through improvement soil organic carbon which is the main goal in conservation agriculture. We can reach to economic corn yield by reducing irrigation times and saving water usage in warm and dry regions, so it is possible to plant corn in this area directly in residue of previous crop.